STDs reach ‘Out of Control’ levels in the US, prompting concerns from health experts

Visual Representation for STIs Testing | Credits: AdobeStock
Visual Representation for STIs Testing | Credits: AdobeStock

United States: Another health issue has emerged in the United States, and now health experts have raised concerns regarding the same. The nation has reported an “out of control” epidemic because of the sexually transmitted infections.

The warning has been issued by the National Coalition of STD Directors following an annual report shared by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is to be noted that the annual report.

The announcement by the CDC was enough to tell the level of concern and worry. The health agency noted, “Yet again, more than 2.5 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were reported in the United States,” according to sciencealert.com.

According to the official report, chlamydia was the most common type of sexually transmitted infection (STI) during the year 2022, and the disease has not left the spot for various years. However, the cases related to syphilis have been witnessing a sudden and rapid rise.

According to the report by the CDC, the cases associated with syphilis have witnessed a surge of 80 percent in the past five years. It is to be noted that syphilis cases are not only in adults but also in newborn babies. In addition to this, the cases of congenital syphilis have also witnessed a sharp increase, which means that the infection has been transferred from the mother to her baby during pregnancy and birth.

The cases of congenital syphilis have increased by approximately 31 percent in the period of one year in the United States.

Visual Representation

In 2022, the number of cases increased by 937 percent and reached more than 3,700 in the United States.

Syphilis and its effects on the human body!

The health experts have mentioned that the disease can be cured with the right amount of antibiotics, but the concerns are about infection diagnoses. The experts have also highlighted that the delay in infection diagnoses could lead to irreversible damage to the human body.

However, among babies, syphilis could be more dangerous, leading to developmental delays, and in severe cases, it could result in death. Among adults, the virus spreads in stages; in the primary stage, the infected person experiences sores around the mouth and genitals, and in the secondary stage, the infection could cause rashes and flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, sore throat, and fatigue.

An individual rarely reaches the third stage of the infection, which could impact organs and result in death. With every passing year, the cases are increasing by nearly 10 percent – which has increased the concerns among the health experts.

Which US state is highly impacted by infection?

The official stats have revealed that congenital syphilis has impacted almost every state of the United States in 2022; however, out of all, the highly affected states were Arizona, California, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas – which contributed to 57 percent of the cases.

Visual Representation for Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases | Credits: Flo
Visual Representation for Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases | Credits: Flo

While addressing the concern, the Director of CDC for STD Prevention – Laura Bachmann, mentioned, “Tragically, these infections resulted in 282 stillbirths and infant deaths in 2022.”

“The STI field has reached a tipping point,” Bachmann continued saying, according to sciencealert.com.

“We have long known that these infections are common, but we have not faced such severe effects of syphilis in decades. Recent public health emergencies diverted program resources and threatened the health of those already disproportionately affected by STIs. We must move now to pick up the pieces,” she also said.

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